Description: The Newfoundland is an exceptionally patient dog who fits into any type of household. Newfoundlands are a large and beautiful breed who rarely have a bad tempered unless provoked. Known for their love and ability to swim, Newfoundlands have been known to rescue drowning victims. As with any giant breed their owner will require vigilance in their raising and caring for the Newfoundland, in return they will gives their complete devotion and constant protection.
Type: Guardian Dog
Height: 26 - 28 inches
Weight: 110 -150 lbs.
Colors: Black, brown, gray, or Landseer (black head with black markings on a white ground).
Coat: Flat, dense, and coarse textured double coat; oily and water resistant. Outer coat moderately long, straight or slightly wavy.
Temperament: Newfoundlands are responsive, docile
With Children: Yes, good with small children, provides a wonderful companion for growing active children
With Pets: Yes
Special Skills: Originally a fisherman's dog, now a family pet.
Care and Exercise: Daily brushing of the Newfoundlands thick double coat with a hard brush is required. Shedding of the undercoat is twice a year. Avoid bathing unless necessary as it will strip away their natural coat's oils. Instead use dry shampoo. They need regular, moderate exercise even though they would love to laze around. The Newfoundland loves to swim and they should be given the opportunity whenever is possible.
Training: A calm and balanced manner is needed as they are a very sensitive breed who will listen to the tone of your voice.
Learning Rate: High, Obedience - High, Problem Solving - High
Activity: Outdoors - High, Indoors - Low
Living Environment: Not suited for apartment living as they need lots of room. A large fenced yard is essential. They are more suited to colder than hot climates.
Health Issues: Hip dysplasia, genetic heart conditions.
Life Span: 10 years
Litter Size: 8 - 10
Country of Origin: Canada
History: One of the few native North American breeds they come from Newfoundland Island in Canada, where they were said to have first arrived with the British and French fisherman who reach these North Atlantic shores. Newfoundlands ancestors may have included the Great Pyrenees and Tibetan Mastiff. They were bred by the early settlers to pull sleds, hunt and guard. They adapted to the rugged conditions of Newfoundland by developing webbed feet and an oily coat which allows them to remain in the water for long periods of time. Today they are popular as a household pet throughout Europe and North America.
First Registered by the AKC: 1886
AKC Group: Working
Registries: AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 2), KC (GB), UKC