Description: The Maltese is a member of the Bichon family and is one of the oldest European breeds. Maltese have a beautiful mantel of long, silky, white hair. This is their crowning glory. Maltese are gentle-mannered and affectionate, yet playful and full of animation. Despite their size, they posses the vigor needed for a excellent companion. The Maltese is intelligent and easy to train, but is very strong-willed. They enjoy being groomed, petted and fondled.
Type: Companion Dog
Height: 10 inches
Weight: 4 - 6 lbs.
Colors: White, slight lemon markings on ears are permissible.
Coat: Long, straight coat, silky texture.
Temperament: Maltese are friendly, alert
With Children: It does not tolerate young children.
With Pets: Does not mix well with other pets.
Watch-dog: Very High
Guard-dog: Very Low
Care and Training: Extensive coat care is needed for the Maltese. Shampoo once a week and daily brushing is essential. Special attention is needed to keep the eyes clean as staining is possible. Indoor activity with suffice for exercise, but Maltese will enjoy a walk or a run in the park.
Learning Rate: High, Obedience - High, Problem Solving - High
Activity: Indoors - Very High, Outdoors - Medium
Living Environment: An apartment is fine for the Maltese as they are a small, quite dog. The Maltese makes a good dog for the elderly if they can socialize and take time to groom and play with them.
Health Issues: Generally very healthy. Subject to genetic eye disorders
Life Span: 9 - 11 years
Litter Size: 2 - 4
Country of Origin: Malta
History: The Maltese origins come from Malta dating back to about 1500 B.C. Their popularity rose during the reign of Queen Elizabeth as a companion to the women of the royal court. The Maltese is featured in many famous paintings. They first appeared in the United States in 1877.
First Registered by the AKC: 1888
AKC Group: Toy
Registries: AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 9), KC (GB), UKC